Priming the Black Berkey® Filters
Priming the Black Berkey® water filter elements before their first use and during the inital setup is necessary to get full benefit and flow. The filtering medium of this element is a very dense and has a lot of surface tension. Water has a hard time penetrating this dense medium the first time the filter is used. Forcing water through the Black Berkey filter relieves this surface tension allowing you to enjoy the full flow and benefits of this great product. This priming process is easy and only takes a few minutes to perform. Simply follow the directions below.
Priming the Black Berkey® Filter Elements when water pressure is not available?
The micro pore structure of the Black Berkey® filter elements are minute in size, in fact they are so small that red food coloring will not pass through the filter. The main reason this is so important is because it provides a greater efficiency at removing pathogenic bacteria and other contaminates. The downside is that too much water tension can require that the purification filters be primed before they will flow to their full potential. From the factory the black purification elements are dry and air is trapped within the tiny micro pores. In some places water has more water tension than in other places and this can change from season to season. The higher the tension, the more difficult it is for the water to force the air out of the micro pores of the filter using gravity alone. This trapped air does not allow water to pass through the filter. This then causes the system to either filter very slowly or not at all.
Before traveling to and using the Berkey system in an area without water pressure we recommend that the purification filters be primed using the priming button. If this is not possible the filters can be primed approximately 50% by using the below method. In other words using this method, the filters will not produce flow as fast as they would using the priming button method however they will filter significantly faster than if the Berkey elements had not been primed at all. This alternative priming method is as follows:
STEP 1: If your Berkey system is assembled, remove the purification filters from the upper chamber. Next, fill the lower chamber with water, then place the purification elements into the lower chamber, upside down with the stems facing upward, and put a ceramic coffee cup (or something else that will hold them under the water) on top of each purification element stem to force the element down under the water. Let the purification elements soak for several hours. This will force some of the air out of the stubborn pores. NOTE: Make sure that opening in the stems of the purification elements are not underwater as we want the water to be forced through the pores rather than entering through the hole in the stem.
STEP 2: The inside of the Berkey purification filters should now be full of water and significantly heavier. Try to keep as much water on the inside of the purification elements as is possible as you reassemble the purification element into the upper chamber by keeping the stems facing upward. Empty the water from the lower chamber and place the upper chamber back onto the lower chamber. Immediately fill the upper chamber with water.
When the Berkey purification filters have water within the bore (inside core), more force is generated to draw it through the purification element. This is because the water that drips out of the purification elements also hydraulically pulls new water into the purification element as the purification element begins to work like a siphon. Thus, in addition to the "push" of gravity, there is also a hydraulic "pull" and this drastically improves the ability of the water to force the air from the micro pores. The above method is less efficient than priming the filtering cartridges with the priming button supplied with your filters but should be about 75-80% effective in clearing the blocked micro pores.
Let the water in the lower chamber run to waste and refill the upper chamber with water. Your Black Berkey® elements are now primed and ready for use.