All About Water - Water Properties and Measurements

Facts About Water

  • Water Facts: Open this fact page to learn important information about the world's water supply and the lack of clean available water.
  • Water Trivia Facts: This water trivia facts page is provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. People visiting the site can read down the page of facts pertaining to the state of the Earth's water supply.
  • Fun Water Facts: Click this link to read 33 facts about water on the website for Washoe County, Nevada.


  • Water Drops: Cohesion and Adhesion: This link explains cohesion and adhesion by using examples such as a drop of water. The page includes images along with the examples.
  • How Water Works: Open this page to learn basics about water properties. Cohesion and adhesion are reviewed near the top of the page, followed by information about surface tension, capillary action, and more.
  • The Importance of the Properties of Water to Life: On this page, readers will find a glossary of words associated with the properties of water. Adhesion and cohesion are included in the glossary.

Capillary Action

  • The Properties of Water: Clicking on this link opens up the website for Utah's Division of Water Resources page. Visitors to the website will read about capillary action as well as polarity, surface tension, and density.
  • Properties of Water: On this page, readers will find a lesson on properties of water. Capillary action is explained and illustrated. In addition, surface tension is also reviewed.
  • Soil Water: Readers can learn here about soil water and capillary action. The explanation of capillary action is done in bullet-point format.
  • Capillary Action: Learn about capillary action by performing the activity on this page. In addition to the activity, the page also explains capillary action and what it does.


  • Colors and Smells: Click on this link to open a page that reviews properties of water that typically indicate a problem, such as color, smell, and taste. The page covers what water should look like and what various colors may mean.
  • Why is Water Blue?: This is an in-depth look at the color of water and why it only looks blue in large bodies of water.
  • Q & A: The Color of Water and Ice: A question-and-answer page on the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign website answers the question of whether melting ice changes color.

Density and Weight

Heat Capacity

  • Heat Capacity of Water: Heat capacity is one of several properties of water that this USGS article covers. Density and phases of water are among the other properties that it also explains.
  • Thermal Properties: Visitors to this page will find a layman's explanation about the heat capacity of water as well as the temperature required for water to vaporize.
  • Specific Heat Capacity: An explanation of what heat capacity is and how it works is discussed on this page. Readers will learn what the heat capacity of water is and why water is special in terms of its heat capacity.



  • Conductivity/Salinity Fact Sheet: Viewers of this document can study the relationship between a water's conductivity and its salinity.
  • Conductivity and Water Quality: This article talks about water conductivity and how it is affected by temperature and the state of ions in the water. It also discusses how water conductivity can have an impact on the environment.
  • What is Conductivity and Why is it so Important?: Visit this page for an in-depth explanation of the concept of water conductivity as well as how to measure it.
  • Conductivity: Here, readers will find a short explanation of the concept of water conductivity.


  • Water Hardness: Discover what hard water is and problems that it causes by clicking this link. The page also reviews ways to soften it.
  • Understanding Water Hardness: This PDF explains water hardness is and what makes it that way. Readers also learn why it is important to know what the hardness of water is.
  • Hardness: Learn what causes hard water by clicking on the preceding link. The page explains what the objections are to hard water, at what degree it is objectionable, and how it is expressed.
  • What is Your Water? Hard Water: The benefits and problems associated with hard water are listed on the page associated with this link. Additionally, water hardness is explained, as is the treatment for it.
  • Explanation of Water Hardness: Review this page for an explanation of what water hardness is. The page includes a water hardness scale.


  • pH: Get the answer to what pH stands for and what it measures. The information given is brief but thorough in its explanation.
  • Water Properties: pH: Learn the pH ranges from 0 to 14. In addition, learn how it affects organisms that are living in it.
  • Water Chemistry: Open up this in-depth look at water chemistry by clicking on the link. Learn about the physical properties of water, its pH, temperature, turbidity, suspended sediment, and more. This information is courtesy of the Idaho Museum of Natural History.
  • What is pH?: This is the pH page on the Estuarine Science section of the University of Rhode Island Office of Marine Programs page. After reading what it is, click on the second link to learn how it is measured.
  • The Drop on Water pH and Alkalinity: This document discusses pH and alkalinity in drinking water. Readers are also given quick facts.


  • Condensation: Open this link to view an animation that illustrates condensation. Beneath the animation is an explanation of what condensation is.
  • Atmospheric Moisture, Condensation, and Precipitation: Review information about moisture in the atmosphere, condensation, and precipitation. The page also further reviews precipitation and both the cold and warm cloud process.
  • What is Condensation?: Discover what condensation is and what it causes. The page that is associated with this link also has the directions for a brief demonstration that can be done to illustrate condensation.
  • Condensation Overview: Read this overview of condensation by clicking on the link. The information is courtesy of the Wisconsin Institute of Nuclear Systems.


  • Evaporation: Evaporation is discussed as one of the stages of the water cycle. It is defined and the location where a majority of evaporation comes from is reviewed.
  • The Evaporation Process: On this page, readers will find two animations that illustrate the evaporation process. One animation is interactive and allows the reader to adjust wind, temperature, and humidity. The page also defines evaporation.
  • Condensation and Evaporation: Open this page to learn about both evaporation and condensation. An illustrated example of a microscopic view is on both pages.
  • Evaporation Lecture: Open this 52-page PDF to read a lecture on evaporation. The document includes images and graphs to aid comprehension.
  • Distilled Water: Distilled water is created through the evaporation process. Find out more about the process here.
  • Reverse Osmosis: Open this page to learn about the process of reverse osmosis.B


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